MERSİN


Mersin is an important port and tourism city with its 321 km long shore line on East Mediterranean. It is a fast growing city with its population of 1 million 722 thousand and 255, alongside its modern port, free zone, Commerce and Industrial Associations.



TOURISM

Mersin does not only offer 321 km long sea shore with its unique natural beauties and sea, sand and sun trio but also offers variety of tourism such as; culture, faith, congress, uphill, tracking, rafting, paragliding and mountain climbing.

Approximately 108 km of Mersin shores are natural sandy beach. Some of its important beaches are; Taşucu, Susanoğlu, Kız Kalesi, Kuruçay, Lamas, Yemişkumu, Çeşmeli, Ören, Kumkuyu, Akkum, Kapızlı, Balıkova, İskele, Kulakköy, Yenikaş, Ovacık, Büyük Eceli and Anamur. There are total of 11 beaches with blue flag in Mersin.

Alahan Monastery, St. Paul Church, St. Paul Well and its surroundings, Mamure Castle and Korykos Ancient City (Maiden’s Castle) is in Unesco World Heritage Temporary List.

Mersin is an open air museum with numerous of ruin sites and still standing monuments especially with 9 thousand years old Yumuktepe. Mersin is a home to many historical and touristic places such as Alahan Monastery in Mut, Kanlidivane in Erdemli, Mamure Castle in Anamurium, Anamurium Ruin Site and many other. Saint Mikdat Mousque and Tomb in city center, Eshab-i Kehf (7 sleepers) in Tarsus, Saint Paul Church and Well, Makam-i Serif Mosque, Tomb of Prophet Daniel, Tarsus Ulu Mosque which contains the tombs of Saint Sit, Lokman Hekim and Khalifa Me’mun, Eski (Old) Mosque, Location of Bilal-i Habesi and Mosque, Hagi Thekla in Silifke which is known as ‘Meryemlik’ and Olba Ancient City which is known as ‘Uzuncaburc’ and Silifke Castle.

Ataturk House and Museum, Mersin State art and sculpture museum and gallery, Mustafa Erim Mersin Museum of City history, Mersin Naval Museum, Tarsus Saint Paul Monument Museum, Silifke Ataturk House and Ethnography museum and Tasucu Amphora Museum is located in Mersin.

There are 391 Archaeological Site, 5 Historical Site, 29 Natural Protected Area and 2 Urban Site in Mersin.

Some of the historical and cultural values of Mersin:

• Yumuktepe Mound, Gözne and Çandır Castles (Toroslar)
• Viranşehir - Soli Pompeiopolis Antique City (Mezitli)
• Karaduvar Zefiryum Antique City Ruins, Tırmıl Mound and Güdübez Castle (Akdeniz)
• Prophet Daniel's Tomb (Tarsus)
• Cave of Seven Sleepers (The Companions of Cave) (Tarsus)
• St. Paul Museum and Well (Tarsus)
• Taşkuyu Cave (Tarsus)
• Gözlükule Mound (Tarsus)
• Namrun Castle, Papazın Bahçesi (Garden of Pastor) and Canyons (Çamlıyayla)
• Aya Thekla Church (Silifke)
• Silifke Castle and Tekirambarı (tabby storehouse), Göksu Stone Bridge (Silifke)
• Zeus Temple and Church (Silifke)
• Cennet Cehennem (heaven and hell) and Astım Cave (Silifke)
• Uzuncaburç, Olba, Mezgit Castle, Demircili Archaeological Sites (Silifke)
• Ayaş Amphitheater and Castle, Çatıören, İmirzeli, Karaahmetli, Kanlıdivane (Canytelis) and Öküzlü Archaeological Sites (Erdemli)
• Kızkalesi (Maiden's Castle) (Erdemli)
• Alahan Monastery, Dağpazarı Church, Mavga Castle (Mut)
• Laal Pasha Mosque and Mausoleum, Mut Castle (Mut)
• Zeynel Abidin and Sheikh Omar Mausoleum and Meydancık Castle (Gülnar)
• Anamurium Antique City Ruins, Mamure Castle, Köşşekbükü Astım Cave (Anamur)
• Tekayak Mausoleum, Liman Castle and Gilindere Cave (Aydıncık)
• Nagidos Antique City Ruins, Softa Castle and Çaltı Cave (Bozyazı)


CITY OF PORT

Mersin International Port is the biggest port of Turkey and it is capable of doing import and export with 5 continents. Mersin Port is the biggest transit port for Middle Eastern countries also it is the only port in Turkey which offers the all port services in the same field such as: container, general Cargo (dry bulk-liquid bulk) , ro-ro.

Mersin Port started to welcome the World biggest container ships by June 2016 within the scope of its new dock Project which was an investment worth of 170 million Dollars. Its total capacity has reached to 2, 2 million TEU.

On designated days of the week, Mersin port offers both way trips, to and from Cyprus and Lebanon for the passengers. Port also makes a contribution to Mersin tourism with welcoming Cruise ships. Port is a main structure of Mersin economy and Mersin Organized Industrial Area alongside the neighboring cities with having a direct connection to railway and its feature of having direct loading from ship to wagon.



SPORTS

XVII.th Mediterranean Games was held in Mersin in 2013 with the participation from 24 countries.

Numerous venue and infrastructure investment was made in Mersin in the scope of Mediterranean Games. Total of 500 Million Turkish Liras has spent for the construction of 11 brand new sports venue, ring roads, dormitories, hospitals, infrastructure works and renewing of the existing venues.
All the venues are still operational and hosting national and international events.


TRANSPORTATION

Airline transportation is offered from Adana Sakirpasa Airport which is 67 km. away from Mersin. The Cukurova Regional Airport is under construction which is 45 km away from Mersin.

There are regular services to Cyprus from Mersin and Tasucu.
There is a commuter train service between Mersin and Adana. The approximate travel time is about 45- 60 minutes.

CHRONOLOGY OF MERSIN

B.C. 8000-5500 Neolithic Period
B.C. 5500-3000 Chalcolithic Period
B.C. 3000-2000 Early Bronze Age
B.C. 2000-1700 Middle Bronze Age
B.C 1700-1200 the Kingdom of Kizzuwatna
B.C. 1200-612 the Kingdom of Kue
B.C. 546-333 Persian Empire
B.C. 301-101 Seleucid Empire
B.C. 101- M.S.-395 Roman Empire
A.D. 395-661 Byzantine Empire
A.D. 661 MUAVIYE has captured some parts of Mersin.
A.D. 685-960 controlling the land changed the hands constantly between Byzantines and Arabs
A.D. 960 Byzantines had control over Mersin.
1082 Süleyman Shah had control over Mersin.
1124 Tarsus was captured by Armenians.
1224 Anatolian Seljuk Empire Period
1254 Karamanids Period
1357 Karamanids occupied Silifke.
1473 Gedik Ahmet Pasha took Silifke and made it to Ottoman land.
1516 Mersin and Tarsus started to rule by Ottomans.
1852 Egyptian Ibrahim Pasha took Mersin.
1859 Mersin became an Ottoman Land.
17 December 1918 Mersin was occupied by British.
19 December 1918 Tarsus was occupied by the French.
02 January 1919 Mersin was occupied by the French.
20 July 1920 Baglar war against French.
05 August 1920 Pozantı Congress
20 December 1921 (The Occupants emptied Cukurova region) Ankara Agreement
27 December 1921 Tarsus was liberated from the enemy occupation.
03 January 1922 Mersin was liberated from the enemy occupation.
17 March 1923 Atatürk visited Mersin.
1924 Mersin became a city.
1933 Mersin and Silifke united and became a city.
2002 The name of İçel was changed as Mersin.
2008 Akdeniz, Mezitli, Toroslar and Yenişehir became town with the decision dated 06.03.2008 and numbered 5747.